A Fat Molecule

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The subject of fats is downright confusing, no doubt about it. My aim with the Fat Primer is to take some of the mystery out of this high energy food group (9 calories/gram, 28g/ounce!) by giving you a basic, easy to grasp look at the world of fat.

In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes. In addition to adipocytes, adipose tissue contains the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of cells including preadipocytes, fibroblasts, vascular endothelial cells and a variety of immune cells such as adipose tissue macrophages.

Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein. Fats, also known as triglycerides, are esters of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol.

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I get emails from people about this topic all of the time so I will continue to post articles that address the myth that margarine is one molecule away from plastic.

Biology Labs Online: Dennis Anderson, Professor of Biology: Measurement: Scientific Method. Organic Molecules

Hydrolysis literally means reaction with water. It is a chemical process in which a molecule is cleaved into two parts by the addition of a molecule of water.

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Serum albumin is the most plentiful protein in blood plasma. Each protein molecule can carry seven fatty acid molecules. They bind in deep crevices in the protein, burying their carbon-rich tails safely away from the surrounding water.

You will learn how to test for each of these organic molecules by clicking on the boxes below. Complete each of the tests for carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

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What are polyunsaturated fats? From a chemical standpoint, polyunsaturated fats are simply fat molecules that have more than one unsaturated carbon bond in the molecule, this is also called a double bond.

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